1. Ahn, Min-Seop and In-Sik Kang 2017 : A simple approach to scale-adaptive deep convection in GCMs by controlling the cumulus base mass flux. submitted to Nature partner Journal (npj) Climate and Atmospheric Science.

  2. Kang, In-Sik, C.-H. Park, J.-H. Lee, A. Scaife, and F. Kucharski, 2017 : Stratospheric influence on enhanced predictability in late winter. submitted to Nature partner Journal (npj) Climate and Atmospheric Science.

  3. Kang, In-Sik, Min-Sepp Ahn, H. Miura, and A. Subramanian, 2017: GCMs with full representation of cloud microphysics and their MJO simulations, to be appeared in Chapter 15, Book entitled "The gap between weather and climate forecasting: Sub-seasonal seasonal prediction"edited by A. Roberson and F. Vitart.

  4. Cheng Sun, Fred Kucharski, Jianping Li, Fei-Fei Jin, In-Sik Kang, and Ruiqiang Ding, 2017: Western tropical Pacific multidecadal variability forced by the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation. Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15998

  5. Ahn, Min-Seop, Daehyun Kim, Kenneth R. Sperber, In-Sik Kang, Eric Maloney, Duane Waliser, Harry Hendon on behalf of WGNE MJO Task Force, 2017 : MJO simulation in CMIP5 climate models: MJO skill metrics and process-oriented diagnosis. Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-017-3558-4


  6. Kang, In-Sik, Min-Seop Ahn, Young-Min Yang, 2016 : A GCM with cloud microphysics and its MJO simulation. Geoscience Letters, 3, 16

  7. Kucharski, Fred, Farah Ikram, Franco Molteni, Riccardo Farneti, In-Sik Kang, Hyun Ho No, Martin P. King, Graziano Giuliani, Kristian Mogensen, 2016 : Atlantic forcing of Pacific decadal variability. Climate Dynamics, 46, 7, 2337-2351

  8. Nnamchi, Hyacinth C., Jianping Li, Fred Kucharski, In-Sik Kang, Noel S. Keenlyside, Ping Chang, Riccardo Farneti, 2016 : An equatorial-extratropical dipole structure of the Atlantic Nino. Journal of Climate,


  9. Nnamchi, Hyacinth C., Jianping Li, Fred Kucharski, In-Sik Kang, Noel S. Keenlyside, Ping Chang, Riccardo Farneti, 2015 : Thermodynamic controls of the Atlantic Nino. Nature Communications 6, 8895

  10. Kim, Daehyun, Min-Seop Ahn, In-Sik Kang, Anthony D. Del Genio, 2015 : Role of Longwave Cloud-Radiation Feedback in the Simulation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Journal of Climate, DOI

  11. Abid, Muhammad Adnan, In-Sik Kang, Mansour Almazroui, Fred Kucharski, 2015 : Contribution of Synoptic Transients to the Potential Predictability of PNA Circulation Anomalies: El Nino vs La Nina. Journal of Climate, DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00497.1

  12. Kang, I.-S., Young-Min Yang, Wei-Kuo Tao, 2015 : GCMs with implicit and explicit representation of cloud microphysics for simulation of extreme precipitation frequency. Climate Dynamics, 45, 1-2, 325-335

  13. Tippett, Michael K., Mansour Almazroui, In-Sik Kang , 2015 : Extended-range forecasts of areal-averaged Saudi Arabia rainfall. Weather and Forecasting, DOI 10.1175/WAF-D-15-0011.1

  14. Liu, Fei, Bin Wang, In-Sik Kang , 2015 : Roles of barotropic convective momentum transport in the intraseasonal oscillation. Journal of Climate, 28, 12, 4908-4920

  15. Kang, In-Sik, Irfan Ur Rashid, Fred Kucharski, Mansour Almazroui, Abdulrahman A. Al Khalaf, 2015 : Multi-decadal changes in the relationship between ENSO and wet-season precipitation in the Arabian Peninsula. Journal of Climate, 28, 12, 4743-4752


  16. Kang, I.-S., Hyun-ho No, Fred Kucharski, 2014 : ENSO amplitude modulation associated with the mean SST changes in the tropical central Pacific induced by Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation. Journal of Climate, Vol. 27, No. 20, 7911-7920

  17. Lee, D., Y.C. Sud, L. Oreopoulos, K.-M. Kim, W. K. Lau, and I.-S. Kang, 2014 : Modeling the influences of aerosols on pre-monsoon circulation and rainfall over Southeast Asia number. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 6853-6866

  18. Tao, Wei-Kuo, Stephen Lang, Xiping Zeng, Xiaowen Li, Toshi Matsui, Karen Mohr, Derek Posselt, Jiundar Chern, Christa Peters-Lidard, Peter M. Norris, In-Sik Kang, Ildae Choi, Arthur Hou, K.-M. Lau, Young-Min Yang, 2014 : The Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model (GCE): Improvements and applications for studying precipitation processes. Atmospheric Research, 143, 392-424

  19. Kang, In-Sik, Pyong-Hwa Jang, Mansour Almazroui, 2014 : Examination of Multi-Perturbation Methods for Ensemble Prediction of the MJO during Boreal Summer. Climate Dynamics, 42, 9-10, 2627-2637

  20. Yang, Young-Min, In-Sik Kang, Mansour Almazroui, 2014 : A mass flux closure function in a GCM based on the Richardson number. Climate Dynamics, 42, 5-6, 1129-1138


  21. Zhang, Minghua, Christopher S. Bretherton, Peter N. Blossey, Phillip H. Austin, Julio T. Bacmeister, Sandrine Bony, Florent Brient, Suvarchal K. Cheedela, Anning Cheng, Anthony D. Del Genio, Stephan R. De Roode, Satoshi Endo, Charmaine N. Franklin, Jean-Christophe Golaz, Cecile Hannay, Thijs Heus, Francesco Alessandro Isotta, Dufresne Jean-Louis, In-Sik Kang, Hideaki Kawai, Martin Koehler, Vincent E. Larson, Yangang Liu, Adrian P. Lock, Ulrike Lohman, Marat F. Khairoutdinov, Andrea M. Molod, Roel A. J. Neggers, Philip Rasch, Irina Sandu, Ryan Senkbeil, A. Pier Siebesma, Colombe Siegenthaler-Le Drian, Bjorn Stevens, Max J. Suarez, Kuan-Man Xu, Knut von Salzen, Mark J. Webb, Audrey Wolf, Ming Zhao, 2013 : CGILS: Results from the first phase of an international project to understand the physical mechanisms of low cloud feedbacks in single column models. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol.5, 1-17, doi:10.1002/2013MS000246

  22. Sperber, K. R., H. Annamalai, I.-S. Kang, A. Kitoh, A. Moise, A. Turner, B. Wang, and T. Zhou, 2013 : The Asian summer monsoon: an intercomparison of CMIP5 vs. CMIP3 simulations of the late 20th century . Climate Dynamics, 41, 9-10, 2711-2744

  23. Ehsan, M. Azhar, In-Sik Kang, Mansour Almazroui, M. Adnan Abid, Fred Kucharski, 2013 : A quantitative assessment of changes in seasonal potential predictability for the twentieth century. Climate Dynamics, 41, 9-10, 2697-2709

  24. Kang, In-Sik, Fei Liu, Min-Seop Ahn, Young-Min Yang, Bin Wang, 2013 : Role of SST structure on convectively coupled Kelvin-Rossby waves and its implication on MJO formation. Journal of Climate, 26, 5915-5930

  25. Zhou, Lei and In-Sik Kang, 2013 : Influence of Convective Momentum Transport on Mixed Rossby-Gravity waves: A contribution to tropical two-day waves. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 2467-2475

  26. Nnamchi, Hyacinth C., Jianping Li, In-Sik Kang, and Fred Kucharski, 2013 : Simulated impacts of the South Atlantic Ocean Dipole on summer precipitation at the Guinea Coast. Climate Dynamics, 41, 3-4, 677-694

  27. Hong, Soojin, In-Sik Kang, Ildae Choi, Yoo-Geun Ham, 2013 : Climate responses in the tropical Pacific associated with Atlantic warming in recent decades. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 2, 209-217

  28. Lee, Dongmin, Lazaros Oreopoulos, George J. Huffman, William B. Rossow, and In-Sik Kang, 2013 : The precipitation characteristics of ISCCP tropical weather states. Journal of Climate, 26, 3, 772-788

  29. Kucharski, Fred, Franco Molteni, Martin P. King, Riccardo Farneti, In-Sik Kang, and Laura Feudale, 2013 : On the need of intermediate complexity general circulation models: a "SPEEDY" example. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.94, issue 1, pp.25-30.

  30. Lee, June-Yi, Bin Wang, Matthew C. Wheeler, Xiouhua Fu, Duane E. Waliser, and In-Sik Kang, 2013 : Real-time Multivariate Indices for the Boreal Summer Intraseasonal Oscillation over the Asian summer monsoon region. Climate Dynamics, 40, 1-2, 493-509


  31. Ham, Yoo-Geun, In-Sik Kang and Jong-Seong Kug, 2012: Coupled bred vectors in the tropical Pacific and their application to ENSO prediction Progress in Oceanography 105, 90-101.

  32. Ham, Yoo-Geun, In-Sik Kang, Daehyun Kim and Jong-Seong Kug, 2012: El-Nino Southern Oscillation simulated and predicted in SNU coupled GCMs Climate Dynamics 38, 2227-2242.

  33. Sohn, Soo-Jin, Young-Mi Min, June-Yi Lee, Chi-Yung Tam, In-Sik Kang, Bin Wang, Joong-Bae Ahn and Toshio Yamagata, 2012: Assessment of the long-lead probabilistic prediction for the Asian summer monsoon precipitation (1983-2011) based on the APCC multimodel system and a statistical model Journal of Geophysical Research vol.117, D04102, doi:10.1029/2011JD016308

  34. Kim, Daehyun and In-Sik Kang, 2012 : Erratum to: A bulk mass flux convection scheme for climate model: description and moisture sensitivity Climate Dynamics, 38, 431.

  35. Kim, Daehyun and In-Sik Kang, 2012 : A bulk mass flux convection scheme for climate model: description and moisture sensitivity Climate Dynamics, 38, 411-429.


  36. Kim, Daehyun, Adam H. Sobel and In-Sik Kang, 2011: A Mechanism Denial Study on the Madden-Julian Oscillation Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems vol.3, M12007, doi:10.1029/2011MS000081

  37. Kim, Daehyun, Adam H. Sobel, Eric D. Maloney, Dargan M. W. Frierson and In-Sik Kang, 2011: A Systematic Relationship between Intraseasonal Variability and Mean State Bias in AGCM Simulations Journal of Climate vol.24, Issue 21, 5506-5520.

  38. Kug, Jong-Seong, Yoo-Geun Ham, Eun-Jung Lee and In-Sik Kang, 2011: Empirical singular vector method for ensemble El Niño-Southern Oscillation prediction with a coupled general circulation model. Journal of Geophys Research 116, C08029, doi:10.1029/2010JC006851

  39. Kang, In-Sik, Jong-Seong Kug, Mi-Jung Lim, and Da-Hee Choi, 2011: Impact of transient eddies on extratropical seasonal-mean predictability in DEMETER models Climate Dynamics, 37, 509-519.

  40. Ham, Yoo-Geun, and In-Sik Kang, 2011: Improvement of Seasonal Forecasts with Inclusion of Tropical Instability Waves on Initial Conditions Climate Dynamics, 36, 1277-1290.

  41. Kuchrski, F., I.-S. Kang, R. Farneti, and L. Feudale , 2011: Tropical Pacific response to 20th century Atlantic warming Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L03702 doi:10.1029/2010GL046248

  42. Frierson, Dargan M. W., Daehyun Kim, In-Sik Kang, Myong-In Lee and J. Lin, 2011: Structure of AGCM-Simulated Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves and Sensitivity to Convective Parameterization Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 68, 26-45


  43. Kim, Hye-Mi, Carlos D. Hoyos, Peter J. Webster, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: Ocean-atmosphere coupling and the boreal winter MJO Climate Dynamics, 35, 771-784.

  44. Kang, In-Sik, Daehyun Kim, and Jong-Seong Kug, 2010: Mechanism for northward propagation of boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation: Convective momentum transport Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L24804, doi:10.1029/2010GL045072

  45. Ham, Yoo-Geun and In-Sik Kang, 2010: Growing-error correction of ensemble Kalman filter using empirical singular vectors Quarterly Journalr of the Meteorological Society, 136, 2051-2060.

  46. Kucharski, Fred, In-Sik Kang, David Straus, and Martin P. King, 2010: Teleconnections in the Atmosphere and Oceans Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 381-383.

  47. Yoo, Jin-Ho, Andrew W.Robertson, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: Analysis of Intraseasonal and Interannual variability of the Asian summer monsoon using a Hidden Markov Model Journal of Climate, 23, 5498-5516.

  48. June-Yi Lee, Bin Wang, I.-S. Kang, J. Shukla, A. Kumar, J.-S. Kug, J. K. E. Schemm, J.-J. Luo, T. Yamagata, X. Fu, O. Alves, B. Stern, T. Rosati, C.-K. Park, 2010: How are seasonal prediction skills related to models's performance on mean state and annual cycle? Climate Dynamics, 35, 267-283.

  49. Ham, Yoo-Geun, Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, Fei-Fei Jin, and Axel Timmermann, 2010: Impact of diurnal atmosphere-ocean coupling on tropical climate simulations using a coupled GCM Climate Dynamics, 34, 905-917.

  50. Kug, Jong-Seong, Yoo-Geun Ham, Fei-Fei Jin, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: Scale Interactions between Tropical Instability Waves and Low-frequency Oceanic Flows Geophy. Res. Lett. 37, L02710. doi:10.1029/2009GL041020

  51. Kang, I.-S., and H.-M. Kim, 2010: Assessment of MJO predictability for Boreal winter with various statistical and dynamical models J. Climate, 23, 2368-2378.

  52. Kug, Jong-Seong, Fei-Fei Jin, Juhyun Park, Hong-Li Ren, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: A general rule for synoptic-eddy feedback onto low-frequency flow Climate Dynamics, 35, 1011-1026.

  53. Kug, Jong-Seong, Soon-Il An, Yoo-Geun Ham, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: Changes in El Nino and La Nina teleconnections over North Pacific-America in the global warming simulations Theor. Appl. Climatol., 100(3), 275-282.

  54. An, Soon-Il, Yoo-Geun Ham, Jong-Seong Kug, Axel Timmermann, Jung Choi, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: The Inverse Effect of Annual-Mean State and Annual-Cycle Changes on ENSO Journal of Climate 23, 5, 1095-1110.

  55. Kug, Jong-Seong, Yoo-Geun Ham, Masahide Kimoto, Fei-Fei Jin, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: New approach for optimal perturbation method in ensemble climate prediction with empirical singular vector Climate Dynamics 35, 2-3, 331-340.

  56. Lee, Myong-In, Ildae Choi, Wei-Kuo Tao, Siegfried D. Schubert, and In-Sik Kang, 2010: Mechanisms of diurnal precipitation over the US Great Plains: a cloud resolving model perspective Climate Dynamics, 34, 2-3, 419-437.


  57. Scaife, A. A., F. Kucharski, C. K. Folland, J. Kinter, S. Bronnimann, D. Fereday, A. M. Fischer, S. Grainger, E. K. Jin, I.-S. Kang, J. R. Knight, S. Kusunoki, N.-C. Lau, M. J. Nath, T. Nakaegawa, P. Pegion, S. Schubert, P. Sporyshev, J. Syktus, J.-H. Yoon, N. Zeng, T. Zhou, 2009: The CLIVAR C20C project: selected twentieth century climate events Climate Daynamics 33, 5, 603-614.

  58. Kim, D., K. Sperber. W. stern, D. Waliser, I.-S. Kang, E. Maloney, W. Wang, K. Weickmann, J. Benedict, M. Khairoutdinov, M.-I. Lee, R. Neale, M. Suarez, K. Thayer-Calder, and G. Zhang, 2009: Application of MJO simulation diagnostics to climate models J. Climate,22, 6413-6436.

  59. Ham, Yoo-Geun, Jong-Seong Kug, and In-Sik Kang, 2009: Optimal Initial Perturbations for El Nino ensemble prediction with Ensemble Kalman Filter Climate Dynamics, 33, 7-8, 959-973.

  60. Sooraj, K. P., Daehyun Kim, Jong-Seong Kug, Sang-Wook Yeh, Fei-Fei Jin, and In-Sik Kang, 2009: Effects of the low-frequency zonal wind variation on the high frequency atmospheric variability over the tropics Climate Dynamics, 33, 4, 495-507.

  61. Wang, B., J.-Y. Lee, I.-S. Kang, J. Shukla, C.-K Park, A. Kumar, J. Schemm, S. Cocke, J.-S. Kug, J.-J. Luo, T. Zhou, B. Wang, X. Fu, W.-T. Yun, O. Alves, E. K. Jin, J. Kinter, and B. Kirtman , 2009: Advance and prospectus of seasonal prediction: assessment of the APCC/CliPAS 14-model ensemble retrospective seasonal prediction (1980-2004) Climate Dynamics, 33, 93-117.


  63. Sooraj, K. P., Jong-Seong Kug, Tim Li, and In-Sik Kang, 2009: Impact of El Nino onset timing on the Indian Ocean - Pacific coupling and subsequent El Nino evolution Theor. Appl. Climatol., 97, 17-27.

  64. Kug, Jong-Seong, K. P. Sooraj, Daehyun Kim, In-Sik Kang, Fei-Fei Jin, Yukari N. Takayabu, and Masahide Kimoto, 2009: Simulation of state-dependent high-frequency atmospheric variability associated with ENSO Climate Dynamics, 32, 635-648.


  65. Kim, Hye-Mi, Carlos D. Hoyos, Peter J. Webster, and In-Sik Kang, 2008: Sensitivity of MJO simulation and predictability to sea surface temperature variability. Journal of Climate, 21, 5304-5317.

  66. Lee, M.-I., M. J. Suarez, I.-S. Kang, I. M. Held and D. Kim, 2008: A Moist Benchmark Calculation for the Atmospheric General Circulation Models. Journal of Climate, 21, 4934-4954.

  67. Kim, Hye-Mi and In-Sik Kang, 2008: The impact of ocean-atmosphere coupling on the predictability of boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation Climate Dynamics, 31, 7-8, 859-870.

  68. Jin, Emilia K., James L. Kinter, B. Wang, C.-K. Park, I.-S. Kang, B. P. Kirtman, J.-S. Kug, A. Kumar, J.-J. Luo, J. Schemm, J. Shukla, and T. Yamagata, 2008: Current status of ENSO prediction skill in coupled ocean-atmosphere models Climate Dynamics, 31, 647-664. 

  69. Kug, J.-S., J.-Y. Lee, and I.-S. Kang, 2008: Optimal Multi-Model Ensemble Method in Seasonal Climate Prediction. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences vol.44, no.3, 259-267.

  70. Kug, J.-S., J.-Y. Lee, and I.-S. Kang, 2008: Systematic Error Correction of Dynamical Seasonal Prediction using a Stepwise Pattern Projection Method. Monthly Weather Review vol.136, no.9, 3501-3512.

  71. Kug, Jong-Seong, In-Sik Kang, and Da-Hee Choi, 2008: Seasonal climate predictability with Tier-one and Tier-two Prediction System. Climate Dynamics, vol.31, no.4, 403-416.

  72. Kim, D., J.-S. Kug, I.-S. Kang, F.-F. Jin and A. T. Wittenberg, 2008: Tropical Pacific impacts of convective momentum transport in the SNU coupled GCM. Climate Dynamics vol.31, no.2-3, 213-226.

  73. Wang, B., J.-Y. Lee, I.-S. Kang, J. Shukla, J.-S. Kug, A. Kumar, J. Schemm, J.-J. Luo, T. Yamagata, and C.-K. Park 2008: How accurately do coupled climate models predict the leading modes of Asian-Australian Monsoon interannual variability? Climate Dynamics vol.30, no.6, 605-619.

  74. Kim, Hye-Mi, In-Sik Kang, Bin Wang and June-Yi Lee, 2008: Interannual variations of the boreal summer intraseasonal variability predicted by ten atmosphere-ocean coupled models. Climate Dynamics vol.30, no.5, 485-496.

  75. Lin, J. L., M.-I. Lee, D. Kim and I.-S. Kang, 2008: The Impacts of Convective Parameterization and Moisture Triggering on AGCM-Simulated Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves. Journal of Climate vol.21, no.5, p.883-909.

  76. Kug, J.-S., F.-F. Jin, K. P. Sooraj, and I.-S. Kang, 2008: State-dependent atmospheric noise associated with ENSO. Geophysical Research Letter vol.35, L05701.

  77. An, Soon-Il, Jong-Seong Kug, Yoo-Geun Ham, and In-Sik Kang, 2008: Successive modulation of ENSO to the future greenhouse warming. Journal of Climate vol.21, no.1, p. 3-21.


  78. Ham, Yoo-Geun, Jong-Seong Kug, and In-Sik Kang, 2007: Role of Moist energy advection in formulating anomalous Walker Circulation associated with El-Nino. Journal of Geophysics Research, 112, D24105.

  79. Lin, J. L., D. Kim, M.-I. Lee and I.-S. Kang, 2007: Effect of Cloud-Radiative Heating on AGCM Simulations of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves. Journal of Geophysis Research, 112, D24107.

  80. Kug, J.-S., J.-Y. Lee, and I.-S. Kang, 2007: Global Sea Surface Temperature Prediction Using a Multi-model Ensemble. Monthly Weather Review vol.135, p.3239-3247

  81. Moon, Byung-Kwon, Sang-Wook Yeh, Boris Dewitte, Jong-Ghap Jhun and In-Sik Kang, 2007: Source of low frequency modulation of ENSO amplitude in a CGCM. Climate Dynamics, 29, 1, 101-111.

  82. An, Soon-Il, Jong-Seong Kug, Axel Timmermann, In-Sik Kang, and Oliver Timm, 2007: The Influence of ENSO on the Generation of decadal Variability in the North Pacific. Journal of Climate,vol.20, p. 667-680


  83. Kang, I.-S., and J. Shukla, 2006: Dynamic seasonal prediction and predictability of Monsoon (chap.15). The Asian Monsoon, Springer Praxis, Chicherster, 585-612.

  84. Kug, Jong-Seong, Ben P. Kirtman and In-Sik Kang, 2006: Interactive Feedback between ENSO and the Indian Ocean in an Interactive Ensemble Coupled Model. Journal of Climate, vol.19, p.6371-6381. American Meteorological Society.

  85. Kug, J.-S.,T. Li, S.-I. An, I.-S. Kang, J.-J. Luo, S. Masson and T. Yamagata, 2006: Role of the ENSO-Indian Ocean Coupling on ENSO variability in a coupled GCM. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.33, L09710, doi:10.1029/2005GL024916, American Geophysical Union.

  86. Kug, J.-S. and I.-S. Kang, 2006: Interactive feedback between ENSO and the Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate, vol.19, p.1784-1801, American Meteorological Society.

  87. Kang, In-Sik, Emilia Kyung Jin and Kyong-Hee An, 2006: Secular increase of seasonal predictability for the 20th century. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.33, L02703, doi:10.1029/2005GL024499, American Geophysical Union.

  88. Kang, I.-S. and J.-H. Yoo, 2006: Examination of multi-model ensemble seasonal prediction methods using a simple climate system. Climate Dynamics, vol.26, p.285-294.


  89. Wang, Bin, Qinghua Ding, Xiouhua Fu, In-Sik Kang, Kyung Jin, J. Shukla and Francisco Doblas-Reyes, 2005: Fundamental challenge in simulation and prediction of summer monsoon rainfall. Geoophysical Research Letters, 32(15), L15711.

  90. An, S.-I., Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, F.-F. Jin, and I.-S. Kang, 2005: El Niño-La Niña asymmetry in the coupled model intercomparison project Simulations. Journal of Climate, vol.18, p.2617-2627, American Meteorological Society.

  91. Yoo, Jin-Ho and In-Sik Kang, 2005: Theoretical examination of a multi-model composite for seasonal prediction. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.32, L18707, doi:10.1029/2005GL023513, American Geophysical Union.

  92. Kug, Jong-Seong, In-Sik Kang, and Jong-Ghap Jhun, 2005 : Western Pacific SST prediction with an intermediate El Nino prediction model. Monthly Weather Review, vol.133, p.1343-1352, American Meteorological Society.

  93. Kug, Jong-Seong, Soon-Il An, Fei-Fei Jin, and In-Sik Kang, 2005 : Preconditions for El Niño and La Niña onsets and their relation to the Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.32, L05706, doi:10.1029./2004GL021674, American Geophysical Union .


  94. Yang, Y.-M., I.-S. Kang, J.-H. Yoo, and K.-H. An, 2004: Analysis of Economical & Social Impact of Meteorological Information. J. Kor. Meteo. Soc., 40-2, 159-175.

  95. Kug, Jong-Seong, In-Sik Kang, June-Yi Lee and Jong-Ghap Jhun, 2004 :A statistical approach to Indian ocean sea surface temperature prediction using a dynamical ENSO prediction. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.31, L09212, doi:10.1029/2003GL019209, American Geophysical Union .

  96. Kang, In-Sik, Jong-Seong Kug, Soon-Il An and Fei-Fei Jin, 2004 : A near-annual pacific ocean basin mode. Journal of Climate, vol.17, p.2478-2488, American Meteorological Society

  97. Yeh, Sang-Wook, Jong-Ghap Jhun, In-Sik Kang and Ben P. Kirtman, 2004 : The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. Journal of climate, vol. 17, no. 6, p. 1225-1238, American Meteorological Society .

  98. Moon, B.-K., S.-W. Yeh, B. Dewitte, J.-G. Jhun, I.-S. Kang,and B. Kirtman, 2004: Vertical structure variability in the equatorial Pacific before and after the Pacific climate shift of the 1970s. Geophysial Research Letters, vol.31, L03203, doi:10.1029/2003GL018829.

  99. Kim, M.-K., I.-S. Kang and C.-K. Park, 2004 : Super ensemble prediction of regional precipitation over Korea. International Journal of Climatology, vol.24, p.777-790

  100. Kang, I.-S., and J.-Y. Lee, and C.-K. Park, 2004: Potential predictability of summer mean precipitation in a dynamical seasonal prediction system with systematic error correction. Journal of Climate. Vol.17, No.4, p.834-844.

  101. Lau, William, June-Yi Lee, Kyu-Myong Kim and In-Sik Kang, 2004: The North pacific as a regulator of summertime climate over Eurasia and north America. Journal of Climate, vol.17, no.4, p.819-833, American Meteorological Society

  102. Wang, B., I.-S. Kang, and J.-Y. Lee, 2004: Ensemble Simulations of Asian-Australian Monsoon Variability by 11 AGCMs. Journal of Climate. Vol.17, No.4, p.803-818.


  103. Jin, Fei-Fei, Jong-Seong Kug, Soon-Il An, and In-Sik Kang, 2003 :A near-annual coupled ocean-atmosphere mode in the equatorial Pacific ocean. Geophyaical Reaearch Letters, vol.30, no.2, 1080, doi:10.1029/2002GL015983, American Geophysical Union

  104. Lee, M.-I., I.-S. Kang, B. E. Mapes, 2003 : Impacts of Cumulus Convection Parameterization on Aqua-planet AGCM Simulations of Tropical Intraseasonal Variability. Journal of Meteorological Society of Japan, 81(5), 963-992

  105. Kug, J.-S., I.-S. Kang, and S.-I. An 2003: Symmetric and anti-symmetric mass exchanges between the equatorial and off-equatorial Pacific associated with ENSO. Journal of Geophysical Research. 108(C8), 3284, doi:10.1029/2002JC001671.

  106. Waliser, D. E., K. Jin, I.-S. Kang, W. F. Stern, S. D. Schubert, M. L. C. Wu, K.-M. Lau, M.-I. Lee, V. Krishnamurthy, A. Kitoh, G. A. Meehl, V. Y. Galin, V. Satyan, S. K. Mandke, G. Wu, Y. Liu, C.-K. Park, 2003: AGCM simulations of intraseasonal variability associated with the Asian summer monsoon. Climate Dynamics, 21, 423-446.


  107. Wu M., L. C., S. Schubert, In-Sik Kang, D. Waliser, 2002: Forced and Free intraseasonal variability over the South Asian Monsoon region simulated by 10 AGCMs. Journal of Climate, vol.15, no.20, p.2862-2880.

  108. Lee, Eun-Jeong, Jong-Ghap Jhun and In-Sik Kang, 2002: The Characteristic variability of Boreal wintertime atmospheric circulation in El Nino events.Journal of Climate, vol.15(8), p.892-904,

  109. Kang, I.-S., Jin K, Lau KM, Shukla J, Krishnamurthy V, Schubert SD, Wailser DE, Stern WF, Satyan V, Kitoh A, Meeh GA, Kanamitsu M, Galin VY, Kim JK, Sumi A, Wu G, Liu Y, 2002: Intercomparion of atomospheric GCM simulated anomalies associated with the 1997-98 El Niño. Journal of Climate, 15(19), 2791-2805.

  110. Kang, I.-S., K. Jin, B. Wang, K.-M. Lau, J. Shukla, V. Krishnamurthy , S. D. Schubert, D. E. Wailser, W. F. Stern, A. Kitoh , G. A. Meehl , M. Kanamitsu,  V. Ya. Galin, V. Satyan, C.-K. Park, and Y. Liu, 2002 : Intercomparison of the climatological variations of Asian summer monsoon precipitation simulated by 10 GCMs. Climate Dynamics, 19, 383-395.

  111. Kang, I.-S. and J.-S. Kug, 2002: El Nino and La Nina SST Anomalies: Asymmetric Characteristics Associated with Their Wind Stress Anomalies.  J. Geophy. Rea., 107(D19), 4372, doi10, 1029/2001JD000393.  


  112. An, S.-I. and I.-S. Kang, 2001: Tropical Pacific Basin-wide adjustment and oceanic waves.Geophysical Research Letter, 28, 3975-3978

  113. Kug, Jong-Seong, In-Sik Kang, and Stephen. E. Zebiak, 2001: The impacts of the model assimilated wind stress data in the initialization of an intermediate ocean and the ENSO predictability. Geophysical Research Letters , vol.28, no.19, p.3713-3716

  114. Lee, M.-I., I.-S. Kang, J.-K. Kim, and B. E. Mapes, 2001: Influence of cloud-radiation interaction on simulating tropical intraseasonal oscillation with an atmospheric general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res. , 106, D13, 14, 219-14, 233

  115. Kang, I.-S., S.-I. An, and F.-F. Jin, 2001: A systematic approximation of the SST anomaly equation for ENSO. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan.79, 1-10

  116. An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2001: Sensitivity of the equatorial air-sea coupled system to the zonal phase difference between SST and wind stress. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 18, 155-165.

  117. Yeh, Sang-wook, Jong-Ghap Jhun, Boris Dewitte and In-Sik Kang, 2001: The Characteristic oscillation through coupled processes by oceanic vertical modes and atmospheric modes in the tropical Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.28, no.14, p.2847-2850.


  118. Kang, I.-S., and J.-S. Kug, 2000: An El-Nino prediction system using an intermediate ocean and a statisitcal atmosphere. Geophys. Res. Letter. 27, 1167-1170

  119. Kim, M.-K., I.-S. Kang, and C.-H. Ho, 2000: Scenario of Korean winter precipitation using large-scale predictors of a gradual CO2 increasing experiment. J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 36-1, 65-74.

  120. An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2000: A further investigation of recharge oscillator paradigm for ENSO using a simple coupled model with the zonal mean and eddy separated.  Journal of Climate, 13, 1987-1993.


  121. Lee, J.-Y., I.-S. Kang, and C.-H. Ho, 1999: A Statistical Model for the Long-range Forecast of Spring Temperature in Korea. J. Kor. Meteo. Soc., 35-3, 372-383.

  122. An, Soon-Il, Fei-Fei Jin and In-Sik Kang, 1999: The Role of zonal advection feedback in phase transition and growth of ENSO in the Cane-Zebiak model. Journal of the Meteorological society of Japan, vol.77, no.6, p.1151-1160, Meteorological Society of Japan(1999. 12). I.F. 0.797.

  123. Kim, M.-K., I.-S. Kang, and C.-H. Kwak, 1999: The Estimation of Urban Warming Amounts due to Urbanization in Korean for the Recent 40 Years. J. Kor. Meteo. Soc., 35-1, 118-126.

  124. Kang, I.-S., Y.-K. Lim, C.-H. Ho, K.-M. Lau, 1999: Principal modes of climatological seasonal and intraseasonal variations of the Asian summer monsoon. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, 322-340.


  125. Ho, C.-H., and I.-S. Kang, 1998: Changes in the Earth-Atmosphere Heat Budgets Due to A Doubling CO2. J. Kor. Meteo. Soc., 34-4, 670-676.

  126. Kim, M.-K., I.-S. Kang, and C.-H. Kwak, 1998: Seasonal Factors Associated with the Variability of Surface Air Temperature in Urban Stations of Korea. J. Kor. Meteo. Soc.,34-3, 446-477.

  127. Jeong, Y.-K., and I.-S. Kang, 1998: Characteristic structure of annual march of geopotential heights in the Northern Hemisphere. J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 34-3, 397-409.

  128. Lau, K.-M., C.-H. Ho and I.-S. Kang, 1998: Anomalous atmospheric hydrologic processes associated with ENSO: Mechanisms of hydrologic cycle-radiation interaction. Journal of Climate, vol.11, no.5, p.800-815, American Meteorological Society (1998. 5). I.F. 3.492.

  129. Kang, I.-S., 1998: Relationship between El-Nino and Korean climate variability. J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 34-3, 390-396.

  130. Kang, I.-S., and S.-I. An, 1998: Kelvin and Rossby wave contributions to the SST oscillation of ENSO. J. Climate, 11, 2461-2469.  


  131. Lee, M.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 1997: Temperature variability and warming trend in Korea associated with global warming.   J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 33-3, 429-443.

  132. Kim, M.-K., and I.-S. Kang, 1997: Statistical connection between large and regional scale climate variables: Sea level pressure pattern associated with the warming trend in Korea.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 33-2, 261-271.

  133. Na, J.-Y., S.-K. Han, J.-W. Seo, Y.-G. Noh, and I.-S. Kang, 1997: Empirical orthogonal function analysis of surface pressure, sea surface temperature and winds over the East Sea of Korea (Japan Sea).  J. Korean Fisheries Soc., 30-2, 188-202.


  134. Kang, I.-S., 1996: Association of interannual and interdecadal variations of global-mean temperature with tropical Pacific SST appearing in a model and observation.  J. Climate, 9, 455-464.

  135. Kang, I.-S., and Y.-K. Jeong, 1996: Association of interannual variations of temperature and precipitation in Seoul with principal modes of Pacific SST.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 32-3, 339-345.

  136. Kang, I.-S., 1996: Global warming status and its adaptation.  Environmental Economic Review, 5-1, 295-304.

  137. Ho, C.-H, and I.-S. Kang, 1996: A parameterization of the terrestrial radiation suitable for a climate model: Absorption bands of water vapor.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 32-1, 29-39.


  138. Kang, I.-S., 1995: Examination of the uncertainties of global warming.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 31-2, 187-190.

  139. Kang, I.-S., Y.-M. Lee, and S.-I. An, 1995: Interannual variability of Typhoon activity over the western Pacific and El-Nino.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 31-1, 15-26.

  140. Kim, M.-K., and I.-S. Kang, 1995: Diagnostic modeling of wind stress, sensible and latent heat fluxes over the sea around the Korean peninsula.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 31-1, 1-13.


  141. Kang, I.-S., 1994: The scenario of temperature change in Korea associated with global warming.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 30-2, 247-260.

  142. Kang, I.-S., and K.-M. Lau, 1994: Principal modes of atmospheric circulation anomalies associated with global angular momentum fluctuations.  J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 1194-1205.

  143. Lau, K.-M., P.-J. Sheu, and I.-S. Kang, 1994: Multi-scale low frequency modes in the global atmosphere.  J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 1169-1193.

  144. Kang, I.-S., M.-K., Kim, and T. B. Shim, 1994: Seasonal variation of surface heat budget and wind stress over the seas around the Korean peninsula.  J. Oceanogr. Soc. Kor., 29-4. 325-337.


  145. Kang, I.-S., and H.-J. Baek, 1993: Long-range prediction of winter monthly-mean temperature in Korea.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 29-3, 253-262.


  146. Kang, I.-S., and M.-S. Lee, 1992: Global angular momentum fluctuations in an idealized general circulation model.   J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 28-4, 463-472.

  147. Kang, I.-S., C.-H. Ho, and K.-D. Min, 1992: Long-range forecast of summer precipitation in Korea.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 28-3, 283-292.

  148. Kim, K.-M., and I.-S. Kang, 1992:  The sea surface wind model and its dynamics.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 28-1, 1-8.

  149. Kang, I.-S., K.-M. Kim, and M.-K. Kim, 1992: Estimation of bulk exchange coefficients in the western and eastern Pacific using ATLAS buoy observations.  TOGA Notes, 9, 1-13.


  150. Kang, I.-S., D.-I. Lee, and K.-D. Min, 1991: Seasonal Evolution of summer precipitation and moisture transport in Asian Monsoon region estimated from the ECMWF data.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 27-3, 252-261.

  151. Kang, I.-S., M.-K. Kim, 1991: Estimation of atmospheric variables and fluxes in the ocean surface around the Korean peninsula.   Oceanogr. Asian Marginal Seas. Elsevier Oceanogr. Series, 54, 241-251.


  152. Kang, I.-S., and K.-M. Lau, 1990: Evolution of tropical circulation anomalies associated with 30-60 day oscillation of globally averaged angular momentum during the Northern summer.  J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 68, 237-249.

  153. Kang, In-Sik, 1990: Influence of zonal mean flow change on stationary wave fluctuations.  J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 141-147.

  154. Kang, I.-S., and J.-H. Lee, 1990: A study of the maintenance of upper-tropospheric stationary waves during Northern winter.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 26-1, 1-11.


  155. Kang, I.-S., S.-I. An, C.-H. Jeong, S.-C. Yoon, and S.-M. Lee, 1989: 30-60 day oscillation signal appearing in climatological variation of outgoing longwave radiation around East Asian region during Northern Summer.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 25-4, 221-232.

  156. Lau, K.-M., I.-S. Kang, and P. J. Sheu, 1989: Principal modes of intraseasonal variations in atmospheric angular momentum and tropical convection.  J. Geophys. Res.-Atmosphere, 94, No. D5, 6319-6332.


  157. Kang, In-Sik, 1988: Interannual variability of winter mean precipitation and upper-level circulation in extended GCM integrations with and without interannual variation of tropical Pacific SST.   J. Meteor. Society Japan, 66, 741-751.

  158. Kang, In-Sik, 1988: Recurrent tropospheric circulation anomalies in the Northern Hemisphere associated with fluctuations of winter monthly-mean temperature in Korea.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 24-2, 1-15.

  159. Ho, C.-H., and I.-S. Kang, 1988: The variability of precipitation in Korea.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 24-1, 38-48.


  160. Held, I. M., and I.-S. Kang, 1987: Barotropic models of the extratropical responses to El-Nino.  J. Atmos. Sci.,  44, 3576-3586.

  161. Kang, In-Sik, C.-H. Ho, and S.-S. Kim, 1987: Interannual and intraseasonal variations of summer precipitation simulated by a GCM and the influence of tropical Pacific SST on the interannual variability.   J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 23-3, 12-24.

  162. Lee, D.-K., S.-S. Kim, S.-C. Yoon, I.-S. Kang, J.-W. Kim, and S.-G. Hong, 1987: A study on numerical simulation of winter cyclone development in the East Asian coast area.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 23-2, 1-12.


  163. Kang, In-Sik, and I. M. Held, 1986: Linear and nonlinear diagnostic models of stationary eddies in the upper troposphere during Northern summer.  J. Atmos. Sci.,  43, 3045-3057.

  164. Kang, In-Sik, and N.-C. Lau, 1986: Principal modes of atmospheric variability in model atmosphere with and without anomalous sea surface temperature forcing in the tropical Pacific.  J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 2719-2735.

  165. Kang, In-Sik, 1986: Atmospheric linear responses to large-scale sea surface temperature anomalies.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 22-1, 35-47.


  166. Kang, In-Sik, and S. M. Lee, 1980: A numerical study of mountain effects on 500 mb barotropic atmosphere.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 16-1, 30-36.