El-Niño Papers


  • Sooraj, K.-P., J.-S. Kug, Tim Li and I.-S. Kang, 2007: Impact of El Nino onset timing on the Indian Ocean - Pacific coupling and subsequent
    El Nino evolution.
    Journal of Climate (Submitted)

  • Kug J.-S., F.-F. Jin, K. P. Sooraj, and I.-S. Kang, 2007: Evidence of the state-dependent atmospheric noise associated with ENSO. Geophysical Research Letter (Submitted)

  • Yoo-Geun Ham, Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, 2007: Role of Moist energy advection in formulating anomalous Walker Circulation associated with El-Nino. Journal of Geophysics Research (Accepted)

  • Byung-Kwon Moon, Sang-Wook Yeh, Boris Dewitte, Jong-Ghap Jhun and In-Sik Kang, 2007: Source of low frequency modulation of ENSO amplitude in a CGCM. Climate Dynamics, Doi 10.1007/s00382-006-0219-4.

  • Soon-Il An, Jong-Seong Kug, Axel Timmermann, In-Sik Kang, Oliver Timm, 2007: The Influence of ENSO on the Generation of decadal Variability in the North Pacific. Journal of Climate,vol.20, p. 667-680

  • 2006

  • Jong-Seong Kug, Ben P. Kirtman and In-Sik Kang, 2006: Interactive Feedback between ENSO and the Indian Ocean in an Interactive Ensemble Coupled Model. Journal of Climate, vol.19, p.6371-6381. American Meteorological Society.

  • Kug J.-S.,T. Li, S.-I. An, I.-S. Kang, J.-J. Luo, S. Masson and T. Yamagata, 2006: Role of the ENSO-Indian Ocean Coupling on ENSO variability in a coupled GCM. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.33, L09710, doi:10.1029/2005GL024916, American Geophysical Union.

  • J.-S. Kug and In-Sik Kang, 2006: Interactive feedback between ENSO and the Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate, vol.19, p.1784-1801, American Meteorological Society.

  • 2005

  • S.-I. An, Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, F.-F. Jin, and In-Sik Kang, 2005: El Niño-La Niña asymmetry in the coupled model intercomparison project. Journal of Climate, vol.18, p.2617-2627, American Meteorological Society.

  • Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, and Jong-Ghap Jhun, 2005 : Western Pacific SST prediction with an intermediate El Nino prediction model. Monthly Weather Review, vol.133, p.1343-1352, American Meteorological Society.

  • Jong-Seong Kug, Soon-Il An, Fei-Fei Jin, and In-Sik Kang, 2005 : Preconditions for El Niño and La Niña onsets and their relation to the Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.32, L05706, doi:10.1029./2004GL021674, American Geophysical Union .

  • 2004

  • Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, June-Yi Lee and Jong-Ghap Jhun, 2004 :A statistical approach to Indian ocean sea surface temperature prediction using a dynamical ENSO prediction. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.31, L09212, doi:10.1029/2003GL019209, American Geophysical Union .

  • In-Sik Kang, Jong-Seong Kug, Soon-Il An and Fei-Fei Jin, 2004 : A near-annual pacific ocean basin mode. Journal of Climate, vol.17, p.2478-2488, American Meteorological Society

  • Sang-Wook Yeh, Jong-Ghap Jhun, In-Sik Kang and Ben P. Kirtman, 2004 : The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. Journal of climate, vol. 17, no. 6, p. 1225–1238, American Meteorological Society .

  • B.-K. Moon, S-W. Yeh, B. Dewitte, J.-G. Jhun, I.-S. Kang, B. Kirtman, 2004: Vertical structure variability in the equatorial Pacific before and after the Pacific climate shift of the 1970s. Geophysial Research Letters, vol.31, L03203, doi:10.1029/2003GL018829.

  • 2003

  • Fei-Fei Jin, Jong-Seong Kug, Soon-Il An, and I.-S. Kang, 2003 :A near-annual coupled ocean-atmosphere mode in the equatorial Pacific ocean. Geophyaical Reaearch Letters, vol.30, no.2, 1080, doi:10.1029/2002GL015983, American Geophysical Union

  • Kug J.-S., I.-S. Kang, and S.-I. An 2003: Symmetric and anti-symmetric mass exchanges between the equatorial and off-equatorial Pacific associated with ENSO. Journal of Geophysical Research. 108(C8), 3284, doi:10.1029/2002JC001671.

  • 2002

  • Kang I.-S. and J.-S. Kug, 2002: El Nino and La Nina SST Anomalies: Asymmetric Characteristics Associated with Their Wind Stress Anomalies.  J. Geophy. Rea., 107(D19), 4372, doi10, 1029/2001JD000393.  

  • 2001

  • An, S.-I. and I.-S. Kang 2001: Tropical Pacific Basin-wide adjustment and oceanic waves. Geophysical Research Letter, 28, 3975-3978

  • Kang, I.-S., S.-I. An, and F.-F. Jin, 2001: A systematic approximation of the SST anomaly equationm for ENSO. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan.79, 1-10

  • An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2001: Sensitivity of the equatorial air-sea coupled system pf the zonal phase difference between SST and wind stress. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 18, 155-165.

  • Sang-wook Yeh, Jong-Ghap Jhun, Boris Dewitte and In-Sik Kang, 2001: The Characteristic oscillation through coupled processes by oceanic vertical modes and atmospheric modes in the tropical Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.28, no.14, p.2847-2850.

  • 1999

  • Soon-Il An, Fei-Fei Jin and In-Sik Kang, 1999: The Role of zonal advection feedback in phase transition and growth of ENSO in the Cane-Zebiak model. Journal of the Meteorological society of Japan, vol.77, no.6, p.1151-1160, Meteorological Society of Japan(1999. 12). I.F. 0.797

  • An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 1999: A further investigation of recharge oscillator paradigm for ENSO using a simple coupled model with the zonal mean and eddy separated.  Journal of Climate, 13, 1987-1993.

  • 1998

  • K.M. Lau, C.H. Ho and I. S. Kang, 1998: Anomalous atmospheric hydrologic processes associated with ENSO: Mechanisms of hydrologic cycle-radiation interaction. Journal of Climate, vol.11, no.5, p.800-815, American Meteorological Society (1998. 5). I.F. 3.492

  • Kang, I.-S., and S.-I. An, 1998: Kelvin and Rossby wave contributions to the SST oscillation of ENSO. J. Climate, 11, 2461-2469.  

  • Kang, I.-S., 1998: Impact of ENSO in Korean climate variations. J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 34-3, 390-396.

  • 1995

  • Kang, I.-S., Y.-M. Lee, and S.-I. An, 1995: Interannual variability of Typhoon activity over the western Pacific and El-Nino.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 31-1, 15-26.