Forecast Papers


  • Kug J.-S., J.-Y. Lee, and I.-S. Kang, 2007: The Optimal Multi-Model Ensemble Technique for Seasonal Climate Prediction. Geophysical Research Letter (Submitted)

  • Kug J.-S., J.-Y. Lee, and I.-S. Kang, 2007: Systematic Bias Correction of Dynamical Seasonal Prediction with a Stepwise Pattern Projection Method (SPPM). Monthly Weather Review (revised)

  • Kug J.-S., J.-Y. Lee, and I.-S. Kang, 2007: Global Sea Surface Temperature Prediction Using a Multi-model Ensemble. Monthly Weather Review vol.135, p.3239-3247

  • Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, Da-Hee Choi, 2007: Seasonal climate predictability with Tier-one and Tier-two Prediction System. Climate Dynamics, Doi 10.1007/s00382-007-0264-7.

  • 2006

  • Kang, I.-S., and J. Shukla, 2006: Dynamic seasonal prediction and predictability(chap.15). The Asian Monsoon, Springer Praxis, Chicherster, 585-612.

  • In-Sik Kang, Emilia Kyung Jin and Kyong-Hee An, 2006: Secular increase of seasonal predictability for the 20th century. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.33, L02703, doi:10.1029/2005GL024499, American Geophysical Union.

  • In-Sik Kang and J.-H. Yoo, 2006: Examination of multi-model ensemble seasonal prediction methods using a simple climate system. Climate Dynamics, vol.26, p.285-294.

  • 2005

  • Wang, Bin, Qinghua Ding, Xiouhua Fu, In-Sik Kang, Kyung Jin, J. Shukla and Francisco Doblas-Reyes, 2005: Fundamental challenge in simulation and prediction of summer monsoon rainfall. Geoophysical Research Letters, 32(15), L15711.

  • Jin Ho Yoo and In-Sik Kang, 2005: Theoretical examination of a multi-model composite for seasonal prediction. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.32, L18707, doi:10.1029/2005GL023513, American Geophysical Union.

  • Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, and Jong-Ghap Jhun, 2005 : Western Pacific SST prediction with an intermediate El Nino prediction model. Monthly Weather Review, vol.133, p.1343-1352, American Meteorological Society.

  • 2004

  • Yang, Y.-M., I.-S. Kang, J.-H. Yoo, and K.-H. An, 2004: Analysis of Economical & Social Impact of Meteorological Information. J. Kor. Meteo. Soc., 40-2, 159-175.

  • Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, June-Yi Lee and Jong-Ghap Jhun, 2004 :A statistical approach to Indian ocean sea surface temperature prediction using a dynamical ENSO prediction. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.31, L09212, doi:10.1029/2003GL019209, American Geophysical Union .

  • M.-K. Kim, I.-S. Kang and C.-K. Park, 2004 : Super ensemble prediction of regional precipitation in decadal time series. International Journal of Climatology, vol.24, p.777-790

  • Kang, I.-S., and J.-Y. Lee, and Chung-Kyu Park, 2004: Potential predictability of summer mean precipitation in a dynamical seasonal prediction system with systematic error correction. Journal of Climate. Vol.17, No.4, p.834-844,.

  • 2002

  • Wu M., L. C., S. Schubert, In-Sik Kang, D. Waliser, 2002: Forced and Free intraseasonal variability over the South Asian Monsoon region simulated by 10 AGCMs. Journal of Climate, vol.15, no.20, p.2862-2880.

  • 2001

  • Jong-Seong Kug, In-Sik Kang, and Stephen. E. Zebiak, 2001: The impacts of the model assimilated wind stress data in the initialization of an intermediate ocean and the ENSO predictability. Geophysical Research Letters, vol.28, no.19, p.3713-3716

  • 2000

  • Kang, I.-S., and J.-S. Kug, 2000: An El-Nino prediction model with an intermediate ocean and statisitcal atmosphere system. Geophys. Res. Letter. 27, 1167-1170

  • 1999

  • Lee, J.-Y., I.-S. Kang, and C.-H. Ho, 1999: A Statistical Model for the Long-range Forecast of Spring Temperature in Korea. J. Kor. Meteo. Soc., 35-3, 372-383.

  • 1997

  • Na, J.-Y., S.-K. Han, J.-W. Seo, Y.-G. Noh, and I.-S. Kang, 1997: Empirical orthogonal function analysis of surface pressure, sea surface temperature and winds over the East Sea of Korea (Japan Sea).  J. Korean Fisheries Soc., 30-2, 188-202.

  • 1996

  • Kang, I.-S., and Y.-K. Jeong, 1996: Association of interannual variations of temperature and precipitation in Seoul with principal modes of Pacific SST.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 32-3, 339-345.

  • 1992

  • Kang, I.-S., K.-M. Kim, and M.-K. Kim, 1992: Estimation of bulk exchange coefficients in the western and eastern Pacific using ATLAS buoy observations.  TOGA Notes, 9, 1-13.

  • 1991

  • Kang, I.-S., M.-K. Kim, 1991: Estimation of atmospheric variables and fluxes in the ocean surface around the Korean peninsula.  Oceanogr. Asian Marginal Seas. Elsevier Oceanogr. Series, 54, 241-251.

  • Kang, I.-S., D.-I. Lee, and K.-D. Min, 1991: Climatological variations of summer precipitation and moisture transport in Asian Monsoon region estimated from the ECMWF data.  J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 27-3, 252-261.